I³MS - Verstraete Seminar
Prof. Dr. Matthieu Verstraete - Ab Initio Phonon Limited Transport
QMAT CESAM Research Unit, Department of Physics, Université de Liege, Belgium
We revisit the thermoelectric (TE) transport properties of two champion materials, PbTe and SnSe, using fully first principles methods. In both cases the performance of the material is due to subtle combinations of structural effects, scattering, and phase space reduction. In PbTe anharmonic effects are completely opposite to the predicted quasiharmonic evolution of phonon frequencies and to frequently (and incorrectly) cited extrapolations of experiments. This stabilizes the material at high T, but also tends to enhance its thermal conductivity, in a non linear manner, above 600 Kelvin. This explains why PbTe is in practice limited to room temperature applications. SnSe has recently been shown to be the most efficient TE material in bulk form. This is mainly due to a strongly enhanced carrier concentration and electrical conductivity, after going through a phase transition from 600 to 800 K. We calculate the transport coefficients as well as the defect concentrations ab initio, showing excellent agreement with experiment, and elucidating the origin of the double phase transition as well as the new charge carriers. If I have time I will show you something weird about transition metal dichalcogenides.
-  Hellman, IA Abrikosov, and SI Simak, PRB 84 180301 (2011)
-  AH Romero, EKU Gross, MJ Verstraete, and O Hellman PRB 91, 214310 (2015)
-  A Dewandre, S Bhattacharya, O Hellman, AH Romero, GKH Madsen, MJ Verstraete PRL 117 276601 (2016)
I³MS - Pauli Seminar
Dr. Lutz Pauli - Stabilized Finite Element Methods for Computational Design of Blood-Handling Devices
Chair for Computational Analysis of Technical Systems, RWTH Aachen University
EU Regional School - Kalidindi Seminar
Prof. Dr.Surya Kalidindi - Rigorous Quantification of the Hierarchical Material Structure in a Statistical Framework
Georg W. Woodruff School of Mechanical Engineering
Georgia Institute of Technology, USA
A versatile framework for the rigorous quantification of the hierarchical material internal structure will be presented in this lecture along with demonstrations to applications on a broad variety of heterogeneous material structures at different length scales and different materials classes. This new framework is based on the established concepts of n-point spatial correlations that provide a systematic statistical description of the highly complex material structure. The framework takes advantage of toolsets established in digital signal processing, Fourier representations, and principal component analyses to develop high performance computational toolsets needed for performing the computations involved. The versatility of the framework will be demonstrated through the application of a single consistent framework at both atomistic and continuum length scales as well as different materials classes (e.g., multiphase composites, polycrystals, porous membranes).
I³MS - Möller Seminar
Dr. Matthias Möller - Isogeometric Analysis for Compressible Flow Problems in Industrial Applications
Department of Applied Mathematics, Delft University of Technology, Netherlands
In this talk, we will present an isogeometric analysis (IgA) approach for the simulation of compressible flows that arise in industrial applications, in particular, in twin-screw rotary compressors.
In the first part of the talk, we present a positivity-preserving high-resolution scheme for compressible flows building upon the generalization of the algebraic flux correction paradigm  to isogeometric analysis. Our approach adopts Fletcher's group formulation  together with an efficient edge-based formation of system matrices and vectors from pre-computed coefficients to overcome the high computational costs that are typically observed in quadrature-based IgA-assembly algorithms.
Next to this algorithmic approach to achieving high computational efficiency, our implementation in the open-source library G+Smo (https://www.gs.jku.at/gismo) makes use of meta-programming techniques to combine the computational performance of several hardware-optimized linear algebra back-ends like Blaze, Eigen, and VexCL, with ease of implementation offered by the fluid dynamics expression-template library FDBB (https://mmoelle1.gitlab.io/FDBB). Just-in time compilation techniques are used to run the solver in heterogeneous computing environments.
In the second part of the talk, we describe an isogeometric approach for the creation of analysis-suitable multi-patch parameterizations for complex industrial applications and, in particular, for (parts of) twin-screw rotary compressors. Our approach builds on well-established elliptic grid generation techniques, which have been generalized to the IgA framework.
 C.A.J. Fletcher, The group finite element formulation, Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering, 37, 225–244, 1983.
 D. Kuzmin, M. Möller, M. Gurris, Algebraic flux correction II. Compressible flow problems. In: Kuzmin et al. (editors) Flux-Corrected Transport: Principles, Algorithms, and Applications, 193–238. Springer, 2nd edition, 2012.
EU Regional School - Persson Seminar
Prof. Dr. Per-Olof Persson - High-Order Discontinuous Galerkin Methods for Fluid and Solid Mechanics
Department of Mathematics
University of California at Berkeley, USA
It is widely believed that high-order accurate numerical methods, for example discontinuous Galerkin (DG) methods, will eventually replace the traditional low-order methods in the solution of many problems, including fluid flow, solid dynamics, and wave propagation. The lecture will give an overview of this field, including the theoretical background of the numerical schemes, the efficient implementation of the methods, and examples of real-world applications. Topics include high-order compact and sparse numerical schemes, high-quality unstructured curved mesh generation, scalable preconditioners for parallel iterative solvers, fully discrete adjoint methods for PDE-constrained optimization, and implicit-explicit schemes for the partitioning of coupled fluid-structure interaction problems. The methods will be demonstrated on some important practical problems, including the inverse design of energetically optimal flapping wings and large eddy simulation (LES) of wind turbines.