CHARLEMAGNE DISTINGUISHED LECTURE SERIES-LeCun Seminar
Prof. Dr. Yann LeCun - Unsupervised Learning: the Next Frontier in AI
, Facebook, USA
Facebook AI Research & New York University
The rapid progress of AI in the last few years are largely the result of advances in deep learning and neural nets, combined with the availability of large datasets and fast GPUs. We now have systems that can recognize images with an accuracy that rivals that of humans. This will lead to revolutions in several domains such as autonomous transportation and medical image analysis. But all of these systems currently use supervised learning in which the machine is trained with inputs labeled by humans. The challenge of the next several years is to let machines learn from raw, unlabeled data, such as video or text. This is known as predictive (or unsupervised) learning. Intelligent systems today do not possess "common sense", which humans and animals acquire by observing the world, by acting in it, and by understanding the physical constraints of it. I will argue that the ability of machines to learn predictive models of the world is a key component of that will enable significant progress in AI. The main technical difficulty is that the world is only partially predictable. A general formulation of unsupervised learning that deals with partial predictability will be presented. The formulation connects many well-known approaches to unsupervised learning, as well as new and exciting ones such as adversarial training.